Microwave photonics

Microwave Photonics is an emerging field in which high frequency electronic signals are generated, distributed, processed and analyzed using the strength of photonic techniques. Both the low-propagation-loss properties of silicon nitride waveguides (Si3N4, TriPleX™) and our hybrid assembly approach are enablers for our Microwave Photonics modules, such as the Optical Beam Forming Networks (OBFN). This hybrid microwave photonics platform enables high-frequency (1-100 GHz) signal processing and provides significant benefits over conventional free-space optics systems and RF-circuitry. For example, in the optical domain the signals do not suffer from cross-talk or electromagnetic interference (EMI). Moreover, on-chip integration provides enhanced performance, improved stability, reduced Size, Weight and Power consumption and Cost.
The unique properties of our proprietary integrated photonics platform are imperative in beamforming applications in 5G wireless mobile networks, Satellite communication, Aerospace communication and Quantum processing.

Applications

Beamforming and Beam steering in Phased Array Antennas

The integrated optical beam forming network (OBFN) converts high-frequency radio signals from the a phased array antenna into light signals on a chip. These signals are processed using  tunable time delays (TTD), phase shifters and tunable splitters, to coherently combine those and achieve proper beam shaping and beam steering. This type of signal processing can be used for multi-beam systems, enabling frequency reuse in in high capacity areas, single-beam applications for accurate and high gain beam pointing.

Filtering in Satellite Payloads

For on-chip filtering and phase-shifting, even at very high frequencies, in very compact systems.

Switch Matrices for Beamforming Networks and Quantum processors

The technology used in beam forming for communications can also be used in reconfigurable integrated photonic circuits  for other applications. These very low loss switchable photonic circuits for classical and quantum information processing and optical beam forming networks for lidar and other scanning devices.

Technology

Manipulating different broadband RF signals in the optical domain, in fact at very high (THz) frequency, requires the state of the art concept developed in our hybrid assembly approach combined with the low-loss silicon nitride waveguide platform. Utilizing our novel high speed [µs] low-power [µW] stress-optics PZT (Lead-Zirconium Tantalate) actuators completes a technological base to create different functions needed a suite of applications.